10 Persiapan Sebelum Ramadhan

Untuk Menyambut Ramadhan YAng Ampir Tiba Ni Saya Berikan 10 Persiapan Sebelum Melaksanakan Puasa Ramadhan Selama 1 Bulan....

Ramadhan adalah bulan penuh berkah, penuh berkah dari semua sisi kebaikan. Oleh karena itu, umat Islam harus mengambil keberkahan Ramadhan dari semua aktifitas positif dan dapat memajukan Islam dan umat Islam. Termasuk dari sisi ekonomi, sosial, budaya dan pemberdayaan umat. Namun demikian semua aktifitas yang positif itu tidak sampai mengganggu kekhusu’an ibadah ramadhan terutama di 10 terakhir bulan Ramadhan. Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjadikan bulan puasa sebagai bulan penuh amaliyah dan aktivitas positif. Selain yang telah tergambar seperti tersebut di muka, beliau juga aktif melakukan kegiatan sosial kemasyarakatan. Rasulullah saw. menikahkan putrinya (Fathimah) dengan Ali RA, menikahi Hafsah dan Zainab.Berikut ini persiapan - persiapan sebelum melaksanakan ramadhan :


Persiapan Mental
Persiapan mental untuk puasa dan ibadah terkait lainnya sangat penting. Apalagi pada saat menjelang hari-hari terakhir, karena tarikan keluarga yang ingin belanja mempersiapkan hari raya, pulang kampung dll, sangat mempengaruhi umat Islam dalam menunaikan kekhusu’an ibadah Ramadhan. Dan kesuksesan ibadah Ramadhan seorang muslim dilihat dari akhirnya. Jika akhir Ramadhan diisi dengan i’tikaf dan taqarrub yang lainnya, maka insya Allah dia termasuk yang sukses dalam melaksanakan ibadah Ramadhan.

Persiapan ruhiyah (spiritual)
Persiapan ruhiyah dapat dilakukan dengan memperbanyak ibadah, seperti memperbanyak membaca Al-Qur’an saum sunnah, dzikir, do’a dll. Dalam hal mempersiapkan ruhiyah, Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam mencontohkan kepada umatnya dengan memperbanyak puasa di bulan Sya’ban, sebagaimana yang diriwayatkan ‘Aisyah ra. berkata:” Saya tidak melihat Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menyempurnakan puasanya, kecuali di bulan Ramadhan. Dan saya tidak melihat dalam satu bulan yang lebih banyak puasanya kecuali pada bulan Sya’ban” (HR Muslim).

Persiapan fikriyah
Persiapan fikriyah atau akal dilakukan dengan mendalami ilmu, khususnya ilmu yang terkait dengan ibadah Ramadhan. Banyak orang yang berpuasa tidak menghasilan kecuali lapar dan dahaga. Hal ini dilakukan karena puasanya tidak dilandasi dengan ilmu yang cukup. Seorang yang beramal tanpa ilmu, maka tidak menghasilkan kecuali kesia-siaan belaka.

Persiapan Fisik dan Materi
Seorang muslim tidak akan mampu atau berbuat maksimal dalam berpuasa jika fisiknya sakit. Oleh karena itu mereka dituntut untuk menjaga kesehatan fisik, kebersihan rumah, masjid dan lingkungan. Rasulullah mencontohkan kepada umat agar selama berpuasa tetap memperhatikan kesehatan. Hal ini terlihat dari beberapa peristiwa di bawah ini :
• Menyikat gigi dengan siwak (HR. Bukhori dan Abu Daud).
• Berobat seperti dengan berbekam (Al-Hijamah) seperti yang diriwayatkan Bukhori dan Muslim.
• Memperhatikan penampilan, seperti pernah diwasiatkan Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam kepada sahabat Abdullah ibnu Mas’ud ra, agar memulai puasa dengan penampilan baik dan tidak dengan wajah yang cemberut. (HR. Al-Haitsami).

Sarana penunjang yang lain yang harus disiapkan adalah materi yang halal untuk bekal ibadah Ramadhan. Idealnya seorang muslim telah menabung selama 11 bulan sebagai bekal ibadah Ramadhan. Sehingga ketika datang Ramadhan, dia dapat beribadah secara khusu’ dan tidak berlebihan atau ngoyo dalam mencari harta atau kegiatan lain yang mengganggu kekhusu’an ibadah Ramadhan.

Merencanakan Peningkatan Prestasi Ibadah (Syahrul Ibadah)
Ibadah Ramadhan dari tahun ke tahun harus meningkat. Tahun depan harus lebih baik dari tahun ini, dan tahun ini harus lebih baik dari tahun lalu. Ibadah Ramadhan yang kita lakukan harus dapat merubah dan memberikan output yang positif. Perubahan pribadi, perubahan keluarga, perubahan masyarakat dan perubahan sebuah bangsa. Allah SWT berfirman : « Sesungguhnya Allah tidak mengubah keadaan sesuatu kaum sehingga mereka mengubah keadaan yang ada pada diri mereka sendiri » (QS AR- Ra’du 11). Diantara bentuk-bentuk peningkatan amal Ibadah seorang muslim di bulan Ramadhan, misalnya; peningkatan, ibadah puasa, peningkatan dalam tilawah Al-Qur’an, hafalan, pemahaman dan pengamalan. Peningkatan dalam aktifitas sosial, seperti: infak, memberi makan kepada tetangga dan fakir-miskin, santunan terhadap anak yatim, beasiswa terhadap siswa yang membutuhkan dan meringankan beban umat Islam. Juga merencanakan untuk mengurangi pola hidup konsumtif dan memantapkan tekad untuk tidak membelanjakan hartanya, kecuali kepada pedagang dan produksi negeri kaum muslimin, kecuali dalam keadaan yang sulit (haraj).

Menjadikan Ramadhan sebagai Syahrut Taubah (Bulan Taubat)
Bulan Ramadhan adalah bulan dimana syetan dibelenggu, hawa nafsu dikendalikan dengan puasa, pintu neraka ditutup dan pintu surga dibuka. Sehingga bulan Ramadhan adalah bulan yang sangat kondusif untuk bertaubat dan memulai hidup baru dengan langkah baru yang lebih Islami. Taubat berarti meninggalkan kemaksiatan, dosa dan kesalahan serta kembali kepada kebenaran. Atau kembalinya hamba kepada Allah SWT, meninggalkan jalan orang yang dimurkai dan jalan orang yang sesat.

Taubat bukan hanya terkait dengan meninggalkan kemaksiatan, tetapi juga terkait dengan pelaksanaan perintah Allah. Orang yang bertaubat masuk kelompok yang beruntung. Allah SWT. berfirman: “Dan bertaubatlah kamu sekalian kepada Allah, hai orang-orang yang beriman supaya kamu beruntung” (QS An-Nuur 31).

Oleh karena itu, di bulan bulan Ramadhan orang-orang beriman harus memperbanyak istighfar dan taubah kepada Allah SWT. Mengakui kesalahan dan meminta ma’af kepada sesama manusia yang dizhaliminya serta mengembalikan hak-hak mereka. Taubah dan istighfar menjadi syarat utama untuk mendapat maghfiroh (ampunan), rahmat dan karunia Allah SWT. “Dan (dia berkata): "Hai kaumku, mohonlah ampun kepada Tuhanmu lalu bertobatlah kepada-Nya, niscaya Dia menurunkan hujan yang sangat deras atasmu, dan Dia akan menambahkan kekuatan kepada kekuatanmu, dan janganlah kamu berpaling dengan berbuat dosa." (QS Hud 52)

Menjadikan bulan Ramadhan sebagai Syahrut Tarbiyah, Da’wah
Bulan Ramadhan harus dimanfaatkan sebaik-baiknya oleh para da’i dan ulama untuk melakukan da’wah dan tarbiyah. Terus melakukan gerakan reformasi (harakatul ishlah). Membuka pintu-pintu hidayah dan menebar kasih sayang bagi sesama. Meningkatkan kepekaan untuk menolak kezhaliman dan kemaksiatan. Menyebarkan syiar Islam dan meramaikan masjid dengan aktifitas ta’lim, kajian kitab, diskusi, ceramah dll, sampai terwujud perubahan-perubahan yang esensial dan positif dalam berbagai bidang kehidupan. Ramadhan bukan bulan istirahat yang menyebabkan mesin-mesin kebaikan berhenti bekerja, tetapi momentum tahunan terbesar untuk segala jenis kebaikan, sehingga kebaikan itulah yang dominan atas keburukan. Dan dominasi kebaikan bukan hanya dibulan Ramadhan, tetapi juga diluar Ramadhan.

Menjadikan Ramadhan sebagai Syahrul Muhasabah (Bulan Evaluasi)
Dan terakhir, semua ibadah Ramadhan yang telah dilakukan tidak boleh lepas dari muhasabah atau evaluasi. Muhasabah terhadap langkah-langkah yang telah kita perbuat dengan senantiasa menajamkan mata hati (bashirah), sehingga kita tidak menjadi orang/kelompok yang selalu mencari-cari kesalahan orang/kelompok lain tanpa mau bergeser dari perbuatan kita sendiri yang mungkin jelas kesalahannya. Semoga Allah SWT senantiasa menerima shiyam kita dan amal shaleh lainnya dan mudah-mudahan tarhib ini dapat membangkitkan semangat beribadah kita sekalian sehingga membuka peluang bagi terwujudnya Indonesia yang lebih baik, lebih aman, lebih adil dan lebih sejahtera. Dan itu baru akan terwujud jika bangsa ini yang mayoritasnya adalah umat Islam kembali kepada Syariat Allah.





source:http://

Membuat Recent Post

Recent Post berguna untuk memberitahuakan posting - posting terbaru yang sudah kita post. Ini juga bisa memudahkan pengunjung untuk mencari posting yang di inginkan oleh pengunjung.....
Jika ini memnag perlu digunakan. Ikuti Langkah- langkahnya berikut ini :

1. Login ke blogger lalu pilih menu "Layout"
2. Kemudian copy script berikut ini :


<script style="text/javascript" src="http://www.geocities.com/alvienrizki@rocketmail.com/RecentComments.js"></script><script style="text/javascript">var a_rc=8;var m_rc=false;var n_rc=true;var o_rc=40;</script><script src="http://alvienrizki.blogspot.com/feeds/comments/default?alt=json-in-script&callback=showrecentcomments"> </script>


- Angka 8 merupakan jumlah komentar yang mau ditampilkan.
- Ganti alvienrizki.blogspot.com dengan nama blogmu.

3. Untuk menampilkanya di sidebar maka pilih "Add a Gadget --> HTML/Javascript" Lalu masukkan script diatas kedalam kotak yg disediakan.
source:http://tips-trik.blogspot.com

Membuat Link Pelangi

Mungkin anda bingung kq di Blg ada PLeangi padahal, pelangi adanya kan di Langit ????
Akh, jadi bingung juga
Yaudah pokoknya ini efek untuk blogger biar blogg tambah bagus
Ngejreng gitoe...........

Kalau Pengen Mencobanya ikuti langkah-langkah berikut ini:

1. Login ke Blogger klik Layout ----> Edit HTML
2. Cari Kode <body> . Kalo dah Ketemu CopyPaste kode berikut di bawahnya :

<script src='http://www.geocities.com/alvienrizki@rocketmail.com/RainbowLink.js' type='text/javascript'>
</script>

3. Simpan

Setelah itu Lihat Hasilnya...


Highlight pada Script/Kode di Postingan

Memberikan Highlight untuk script atau kode pada postingan akan lebih memperjelas pembaca. Ini akan sangat memudahkan para pembaca...
Karena pembaca suka membaca posting kita maka blog/web/sit yang kita miliki akan ramai dikunjungi. Mau tau caranya ????
Berikut caranya :

Gini nih caranya :
1. Login ke blogger lalu pilih Layout-->Edit HTML
2. Kemudian copy kode dibawah ini lalu pasang di Script CSS kamu atau pasang sebelum kode ]]></b:skin>


.alert { background: #DDE4FF;
text-align: left;
padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px;
border-top: 1px dotted #223344;border-bottom: 1px dotted #223344;border-left: 1px dotted #223344;border-right: 1px dotted #223344;}


Kode yang berwarna merah (#DDE4FF) adalah warna background kotak highlight, kamu bisa menggantinya dengan kode warna yang lain yang cocok dengan background blog kamu.

3. Kalau sudah kemudian simpan.

Cara Posting
Supaya kode/scriptnya nanti bisa ada kotak highlight-nya maka untuk memposting harus pake cara2 tersendiri. Yaitu dengan menambahkan kode ini <p class="alert"> sebelum kode/script yg akan diberi highlight. kemudian ditambahkan kode </p> diakhir script/Kode.
source:http://tips-trik.blogspot.com

Blacklist PPC/PTC

Info daftar blacklist program-program PTC ini saya dapatkan dari getpaidforum.com. Saya sengaaj manmpilkan posting ini agar tidak banyak lagi orang yang tertipu oleh PTC/PPC Scam, Itung-itung buat modal awal Ramadhan, ngurangi dosa bolehkan????? Dosa hacking ma cracking ma dls(dan lain sebaginya yang sama).............
Berikut ini daftar blacklist PPC/PTC Scam

{1}
1-usd-mail.com* **
100dollarsbonus.info*
100euro-mail.com* **
100euromails.com*
100-usd.com*
10-cash.com* **
10dollar-mail.com* **
10euro-mail.com* **
10euromails.com* **
1-800-Mail.com* ***
1-dollar-mail.com*
1dollarmails.com*
1-usd.com*
1-usd-mail.com* **


{2}
2008mails.com* **
200euromails.net*
20centmails.com* **
2dollaremails.com* ***
2-dollar-mail.com* **


{3}
3-dollar-mail.com*


{4}


{5}
50centsmails.com* **
5-dollar-mail.com* **
5dollarmails.com* **


{6}
60de.com* **


{7}
7thheavenptr.net* ***


{8}


{9}


{A}
ablybizs.com* **
activeptr.net*
adbux.org***
adsmaker.net*
adsneed.com***
aglocomails.com*
ahacash.com*
alwayspay.com*
a-n-cash.com*
angel-mails.com*
anycallmails.com*
appealingmail.com°°°
apple-bizs.com**
applemails.com*
aradiasgarden.com°°°
arrowheadptr.com°°°
asonewishes.com* **
at-mails.com*
awsurveys.com***


{B}
bamboomails.com* **
bank-mails.net*
bear-mails.com* **
beetrmails.com* **
bestflymails.com* **
be-mails.com* **
best-mails.com*
betterbux.com"
bettybucks.com°°
bgpaymail.com***
bird-mails.com**
bizbizs.com°°
black-mails.com*
blue-mails.com*
bobomails.com*
boffopaidmail.com* **
boss-mails.com*
bournemouthbreeze.com***
bravevolitation.com* **
brown-mails.com*
bux.to***


{C}
camel-mails.com*
carpbizs.com* **
cashread.com***
cassandrasclicks.com***
cat-cash.com* **
cat-mails.com*
centrybiz.com**
cgcash.info* **
charm-mail.com*
cherokeeptr.com*** °°°
cherrymails.com**
chick-mails.com*
chobitsmails.net*
classical-mail.com***
click4usd.com* **
cloudbizs.com*
coast-mail.com*
comeongain.com* **
cooperativemail.com* ***
cosplaymails.com° & forced searching
crabmails.com*


{D}
darkangelmails.com°°°
davemails.com*
dayscash.com***
depacco.com*
digital-ptr.com*
dj-mails.com*
dog-mails.com*
dollar2u.info*
dollarsmaker.net*
dolphincents.com"
domainmails.com* **
donkeycash.info**
dragonsrage4cash.com°°°
dragonsrealmptr.com°°°
dreamstarmail.com* ***
dw-mails.com* **
dynasty-mails.com*


{E}
eagle-mails.com*
earn-emails.com*
earnptr.com*
egbizs.com**
eiaio.com**
electric-mails.com* **
elephant-mails.com*
e-mailptr.com*
emails-empire.com*
emilymails.com* **
eragonmails.com°°°
euro-emails.com*
expert-mails.com*


{F}
fantasy-worldmails.com°°°
fastpaidptr.com* **
feer-mial.com* **
fellowequality.com* **
fire-mails.com*
firstmoney.nl**
fishmails.com**
flamemails.com**
flashrich.com*
fly-field.com*
fourleafclovermail.com*
foxmails.com* **
free-kingdom.com*
ft-mails.com*
fun-mails.com*
futureptr.com*


{G}
galaxymails.com°°
gcrmail.info* **
getor-mails.com*
getpaid4clicks.com**
getpaideasy.com*
getpaidtoemail.com"
getyourpaid.com**
giga-mails.com*
gkcash.com*
goldencatch.com**
gowellup.com* **
grapemails.com* **
graspaftertime.com* **
grassmails.com*
greatspiritbearptr.com°°°
green-cash.com*


{H}
happybizs.com*** °°
happyearning.com*
happyptr.com**
hello-mails.com* **
holiday-mails.com* ***
honestptr.com*
hopemails.com**
horse-mails.com*
hostingemails.com*
hotbizs.com* **


{I}
icequeenmails.com°°°
inspiremarrow.com* **
instant-dollars.com*
iphonemails.com*
ippomails.net** ***


{J}
jacobmails.com* **


{K}
keeperofdreamsptr.com°°°
kiddays.com*
kittymails.com* **


{L}
legendmails.com**
legend-mails.com*
libertycash.biz*
lightstarmail.com*
link2communion.com*
linkread.com*
lion-mails.com*
lookingemail.com** ***
lovebird-mails.com*
loving-mail.com*


{M}
magicalmails.com*
magnetismail.com*
mailero.com*
mails2earn.net*
mailsmoney.com*
maineclicks.com°°
majesticunicornmails.com°°°
manateemania.com"
mapleptr.com***
matoakaptr.com°°°
maystromails.net*
mega-mails.net"
michaelmails.com* **
moneyems.com*
motomails.com*
musicmails.com**
mybizs.com*** °°
mystic-ice-mails.com°°°
mysticegyptptr.com°°°


{N}
njgirl.biz"
no2allmails.com (continues sending mails to canceled member)
nokiamails.com*
numenmail.com* ** ***


{O}
oceansoflife.com°°°
ok-mails.com°°°
ok-ptr.com*
ok-usd.com*
okayemail.com** ***
ourpaidmail.com* ***


{P}
paidemail.com***
paidstation.com*
paying-mails.com**
payingcash.info* **
payingcoins.com**
pcash.info* **
penguinpassion.com°°°
phoenixcash.info* **
pig-mails.com*
pink-mails.com*
pleasant-mails.com*
pomoterprosemail.com**
popomails.com*
power-mails.net*
pretty-mail.com*
prosperousboom.com* **
ptrempire.biz*
ptr-trading.com* ***
ptrland.com*
puma-mails.com*
pumpkin-mails.com*


{Q}
qlwork.com* **


{R}
rabbit-mails.com*
racingemails.com"
rainbow-mail.net*
rat-mails.com*
readrevenue.com***
red-mails.com*
richestmail.net* **
richmails.net* ***
road-mails.com*
rolex-mails.com*
rushnsuccess.com* **


{S}
seekbizs.com*** °
seminolewindptr.com°°°
sheepbizs.com* **
sheepmails.com* **
silvanamails.net* ***
sky-mails.net*
sky-wolf.net* **
snake-mail.com* **
startmails.com* **
stormclix.us"
strawberryclix.info**
strongptr.com* ** ***
sun-cash.com* **
sunflowersptr.com* **
superstarmail.com*


{T}
tata-cash.com*
tea-mails.com* **
teammails.com* **
timelessearn.com*
tomoonmail.com***
topcashmails.com* **
trailoftearsptr.com°°°
travelmails.com* **
treasureclicks.info (pays to upgraded member only)
tuepaid.com* **
twowolvesptr.com°°°


{U}
ubizs.com°°
ugains.com*** °°
unionptr.com*


{V}
vibrantvitalities.com*


{W}
wc-mails.com**
weelands-garden.biz°°°
western-mails.com*
whaleintomail.com"
whisperingwindsptr.com°°°
whitefeatherptr.com°°°
wonderemails.com**
wonderful-mails.com*
workmails.com*
worldwide-mails.com**
wowearnings.com***
wow-mails.com**


{X}
xray-cashs.com**


{Y}
yippeemails.com* **
yourbizs.com**


{Z}

Official Release of Norton Safe Web Beta

Symantec has announced the official release of Norton Safe Web Beta, a plug-in for the Norton Internet Security 2009 solution. The product enables users to verify and avoid malicious websites as they navigate.

The tool informs people which of their search results are malware free and which are dangerous. Also, Norton Safe Web labels websites according to their threat level. The security solution warns of the threats a website contains before people navigate it. In case users are not convinced by the threat warnings accompanying certain websites and would rather ignore them, Symantec's product can offer a detailed site report. This, along with reviews provided by other end-users, can really help them decide if the advantages of navigating a website are that great compared with the dangers.

All these innovations are only available to the subscribers of the Norton Internet Security 2009 English Beta. Although the product is available with support for several languages, the plug-in has been developed only for U.S. users. The final English version of Norton Safe Web is expected to be launched this winter, while the localized versions have a while longer to go until the release.

"Our goal for Norton Safe Web is to provide users with the most up-to-date and accurate Web site ratings of any offering on the market," said Senior Vice President of Consumer Products Rowan Trollope. "We can do this by leveraging the millions of members of Norton Community Watch - a 'Neighborhood Watch' program that relies on the eyes and ears of the Norton user base to detect and report trouble. This trusted information helps us deliver rapid, precise analysis of the safety and security of Web sites."

Norton Safe Web Beta has been tested in the Softpedia labs and it is 100% malware free. The security tool can be downloaded Here


Firefox extension protects against man-in-the-middle attacks

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have released an extension for Firefox 3 that can protect wireless network users from so-called "man-in-the-middle" attacks.

The software, dubbed "Perspectives," is available for download for free.


Perspectives also protects against attacks that exploit a recently exposed flaw in the DNS system, which translates Web addresses into numerical IP addresses, said Dave Andersen, a computer science professor at Carnegie Mellon who was an adviser on the Perspectives project.

In an attack on the DNS system, someone typing in a legitimate Web address could be redirected to a malicious site without knowing it. Perspectives would pop up a warning to the Web surfer that the site they are going to is suspicious.

In general, Perspectives is designed to guide Web surfers away from malicious sites. It also is designed to assure surfers when they visit sites that are safe but which Firefox warns about because the sites are not paying a third-party Certificate Authority, such as VeriSign, to authenticate the sites and instead are using "self-signed" digital certificates, also known as keys.

Signing up with a Certificate Authority can be expensive and time-consuming, so some sites prefer to do it themselves, Andersen said. If they do, Firefox penalizes them by displaying an error message that says the browser is unable to verify that the site can be trusted.

The messages leave Web surfers confused and they may either avoid a legitimately safe site or get used to automatically accepting certificates with the warning and inadvertently trust a malicious site at some point.

"The fear is that the Firefox policy will force some sites to use Certificate Authorities but will make others not use any security at all," Andersen said.

The Perspectives software queries servers around the Internet that Andersen has set up as notary-type nodes and asks them to verify the certificate they see for the Web site sought and to verify what certificate they have historically seen for that site. If the computers are in agreement on those questions, the surfer is sent directly to the site. If there is disagreement on those questions, the browser displays a warning to the Web surfer that the site is suspicious.

"The average (Internet) user probably wouldn't see one of these attacks in a given year," Andersen said when asked how severe the problem is. "But, an unlucky user in an airport or some convention where there happened to be a bad guy (lurking on the network) would definitely be vulnerable."


Posting Blog With MS Word

Ada Tools menarik nie.... dari blogger... ini memudahkan kita... apa lagi kalau Akses internet kita terbata..... caranya kita gak usah online dulu tapi kita buat dulu Artikelnya di MS Word..... naa abis selsai Semua Baru deh Di posting... Simple kan... Trus Toolnya apaan donk..?

Sekarang Download dulu deh Filenya di http://buzz.blogger.com/bloggerforword.html nah abis itu simpan deh ke komputer anda.... Ikutin yah Intruksinya Ok.

[1] Install Program tadi /* dah pada tau dong cara instalasinya */ tinggal double klik aja kok....dan ikutin aja perintahnya....


[2]Jalankan MS Word terus Klik tab [Add-Ins] atau biasanya [Plug-Ins] trus pilih deh [Blogger Setting ] Nanti juga muncul kayak gini : biar lebih jelas klik kanan trus view Image... hehe.... di situ ada kolom pengisain yaitu Username dan password Blogger kita... ya ia lah masa punya orang lain he he..... isi

Nah Selanjutnya tinggal Tulis deh Artikelnya Di MS Word.... jadi Simple kan.....!! kalo mau buka Postingan tinggal klik aja tombol [Open Post]... nanti muncul tuh Artikel yang ada di Blog kita.... dan sisanya ada dua tombol Persis Seperti waktu kita Posring di Blogger yaitu [Publish] dan [Save As Draf].... Semoga membantu....


Essential Back-to-School Software Collection

You might be enjoying the dog days of summer now, but look out! The school year is just around the corner, and teachers, books, classes, and winter will be here before you know it. Get a jump on the upcoming school year with a collection of downloadable software for communicating with classmates, managing your homework, learning new study skills, or harnessing the reference power of the Internet. You can even find software to let you call your parents free from college. (Seriously, your mom wants a call.)
Digsby
Facebook profiles, instant-messaging networks, various Web mail accounts ... who can track them all? With Digsby, all you need is one simple application that lets you update your social-networking statuses, manage and send e-mail, and chat with your buddies from a single interface. The powerful package uses a lot of system memory, but Digsby's approach may be the future of socializing online.
StudyMinder Homework System

It's always fun to head back to school to reunite with all the classmates you missed over the summer. And then comes the homework ... and the research papers ... and art projects ... and the science fair. Academic commitments only get more complicated as you advance through your school years, and it's best to master your schedule as soon as you can. The publisher of this feature-packed organizer also offers a Lite version for free as well as a portable version that can be run off a U3 drive.
Typing Master Pro Typing Tutor

What was once a simple but valuable skill has become an utter necessity. The keyboard might not be around forever in its current incarnation, but the rise of technology has made it imperative for all students to master the standard QWERTY setup. Regardless of whether you're writing assignments by hand, the sooner you learn to type the better. This top-rated app includes well-designed lessons, games, and personalized exercises to teach or improve skills.
Graph
Ah, math class. What better place for a nice, quiet nap ... what's that? You like math?! Then this free software for drawing graphs of mathematical functions might be right up your alley. The program includes a vast number of predefined functions, and it's easy to add your own. It also calculates length and area of functions, as well as first and second derivatives.
WordWeb
You might think that the Web has rendered offline dictionaries moot, but that might be a fallacious presupposition, at least according to the publishers of the top-rated dictionary software WordWeb. The software can use an Internet connection for expanded functionality, but most of its power is built right in. With a intuitive, integrated interface and database of more than 150,000 root words and 120,000 synonyms, WordWeb is one freeware app that every aspiring writer should check out.
Google Earth
Ever since Google bought Keyhole's satellite software and merged it with its own mapping software to create Google Earth, citizens of the planet have been provided with amazing photos and valuable geographic information. Start with a view of the entire planet, then manually zoom into any country or city you like, or just type in a name of a location. Version 4 added 3-D models of real buildings and structures to the program, and users can even create and submit their own using Google Sketchup.
WorldWide Telescope
While Google has the Earth's most excellent reference, Microsoft takes the prize for information and imagery from across the universe. The recently released and fabulous freeware WorldWide Telescope is the most ambitious attempt to bring the power of massive space- and ground-based telescopes onto your PC. Along with the incredible pictures of black holes, nebulae, and radiation clouds, you can take guided tours of celestial objects led by eminent astronomers and educators.
WikidPad
For users accustomed to onlike wikis like the Web service Wikipedia, this freeware app is a great find. Whether you're into comparative literature or computer programming, you're going to need to take and organize notes. The big bonus with WikidPad is that, like Wikipedia, you can link notes from one to another in various different paths. If you find it works well for academic classes, it's easy to use the software to track information, schedules, and news for athletic teams, community projects, and other personal pursuits. Wikid cool!
Zotero
Research in the 21st century doesn't involve as many card catalogs, microfiche machines, reference books, or 3x5 index cards as it once did. Today, online research is the name of the game, but recording and citing sources is still as important as ever. This free add-on for Mozilla Firefox puts that source information directly into your browser, while letting you add and manage related notes. The open-source app also lets you save search queries and store full Web pages or PDF files.
Skype
If you're far away from home at college on a budget, an Internet connection and a PC are all you need to talk to friends and family around the world for free. This revolutionary VoIP software lets users talk between computers for free and charges a reasonable fee to call landlines. You'll need to find a serviceable microphone and get used to occasionally spotty call quality, but the long-distance savings will add up quickly.


Indie game designer earns raves for 'Braid'

Full English Post
One of the highest-rated Xbox 360 games of all times isn't some shooting game from some fancy-pants company that makes games by dipping programming code in giant vats filled with hundred dollar bills. And it’s not some action game that tap dances across your TV screen showing off its high-def graphics like some supermodel showing off her expensive new dress.


No, one of the highest-rated Xbox games of all time – the one sitting there at No. 8, just below “Call of Duty 4” and just above “Guitar Hero II” on the Metacritic charts – is a little downloadable thing decorated in watercolor artwork and steeped in old-school gameplay and basically created by one guy with a punk rock attitude and, if I had to guess, a brain approaching the size of the sun.

Game designer Jonathan Blow – a man with a reputation for speaking his mind whether other people like it or not – spent three years and more than $180,000 of his own money crafting “Braid.” Available for download through Xbox Live Arcade, “Braid” artfully blends old-school 2-D platforming with brain-tweaking puzzle gaming to create a sublime package that plays with the rules of time, plays with expectations, and just generally plays with your mind in a way that has left critics drooling all over themselves with praise.
souce:msnbc.com

Sony Reveals 160 GB PlayStation 3 and New Peripheral

Sony Computer Entertainment America announces that the PlayStation 3 gaming console is getting a new bundle, aimed at the North American market. The bundle is released because of the upcoming launch of a limited edition of Uncharted: Drake's Fortune.

The bundle is set to retail for close to 500 dollars, specifically 499.99 dollars, and the package will include a 160 GB PlayStation 3 system, a copy of Uncharted: Drake's Fortune, which was created by Naughty Dog, a PlayStation Network voucher which will get you downloadable game Pain from Idol Minds and a DualShock 3 wireless controller.

Jack Tretton, who is the president and the CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment of America, explained the increased hard drive of the bundled console by saying that "As PlayStation Network continues to evolve with our recently-launched video delivery service and more exclusive games, PS3 owners are demanding more storage capacity".

It was widely anticipated that Sony would create a console variant with a bigger hard drive but some analysts also expected to see an across the board price cut for the console. Sony seems to believe that storage capacity is more important to potential buyers than price and sales of the new bundle will prove whether they are right or not.

Sony also says that a Wireless Keypad will be launched. The new peripheral will be attached to the Sixaxis and to the DualShock 3 and will make its first appearance in North America in November.

The new Wireless Keypad will be used to access the text chat communication service which is implemented in PlayStation 3. A Communication Button and a Message Box Button are included so that users can jump to the XMB while playing a game. It seems that the new peripheral can also be used with some smartphones and with other portable devices.

Sony says that LittleBigPlanet and PlayStation Home will offer full support for the new Wireless Keypad. Prices have not been revealed for the moment.
source:softpedia.com

Reporters booted from conference for hacking

LAS VEGAS - With thousands of hackers milling around the Black Hat convention here, and widespread snooping on the public Wi-Fi network, one place was supposed to be off limits: the press room.

But in a case of reporters spying on other reporters, three journalists working for the French publication Global Security Magazine were booted Thursday from the hackers' conference after they were allegedly caught hacking into the private computer network set up for the media.

The French journalists captured what they claimed were usernames and passwords of reporters from at least two media outlets — eWeek and CNET News. The eWeek reporter told organizers his login credentials looked like they were legitimate, while the CNET information appeared to be bogus

Black Hat attendees are warned that the conference's public wireless network is being monitored by hackers. People who send sensitive personal data over it are cautioned they might have that information posted on the Wall of Sheep, a forum to embarrass security professionals who don't follow proper security procedures themselves.

The separate, wired Internet connections set up for reporters are supposed to be off-limits to hacking and the Wall of Sheep. Even so reporters who didn't take the extra step and log onto the Internet through an additional secure connection like a virtual private network, risked having their data exposed to colleagues sitting just feet away.

It didn't appear to be a complicated hack.

The network was working properly, but it wasn't set up to shield each journalist's computer from one another. The French journalists — identified by organizers as Dominique Jouniot, Marc Brami, Mauro Israel — apparently set up their own server to siphon off traffic passing through the media room's central router.

Brami is listed on the magazine's Web site as director of parent company S.I.M. Publicite, while Jouniot and Israel are on the "scientific committee."

Brami said in an interview with The Associated Press that Israel was responsible for the hack and that he and Jouniot didn't know about it.

"I can't explain why he'd do that," Brami said. "He thinks it's some kind of game for him. I'm very angry with him. I've had a partnership with Black Hat for three years."

The magazine has been one of Black Hat's sponsors. Organizers said that because of Thursday's incident, that partnership is over.

E-mails from The Associated Press to Jouniot and Israel were not immediately returned Thursday night.

"The design of the network was to isolate it from the rest of the public network — it's not designed to isolate it from one computer in the press room to another computer in the press room," said Dominique Brezinski, Black Hat's technical director. "They took advantage of that."

Organizers said the trio was caught when they took their purloined password prizes to Wall of Sheep workers and asked them to post the information. The workers refused. When questioned, one of the French journalists said he was trying to "educate the press" about the importance of sending data securely, organizers said.
source : msnbc.com
My dad and I run a little tech support place for our neighborhood (we work for food). We have seen some nasty things around this area, but this next story is the worst. One of our family friends came over with her computer, telling us it was a "little" slow. So, we dragged my huge 17-inch CRT monitor with built-in speakers across the house to our little shop (not fun) and turned on the infected computer. We waited and waited until it finally loaded.

She (the family friend) had Ad-Aware loaded at the time, so we ran it, only for it to crash. At this point, we should have given up and just nuked the hard drive with a little Department of Defense-level program that writes zeros to every cell on the drive three times. But we didn't, and rebooted the computer in Safe Mode.

We then took a look at Ad-Aware and noticed that it hadn't been updated in a year, but we ran it anyway. Over 10,000 infections were picked up on an outdated program. At this point, we toyed with the idea of just taking out our gun and putting the PC out of its misery, but figured the owner wouldn't like that very much. So we tried to fix it.

Three days later, we had gotten a little less than halfway through, so we call her and asked if she had her Windows XP disk. She brought it over and we completely nuked the hard drive, reinstalled Windows, installed Spybot - Search and Destroy, the current Ad-Aware version with its up-to-date definitions, and Zone-Alarm. We scheduled Ad-Aware to run every week. Now we refuse to help the lady anymore. Once was more than enough.
CNET Download.com editor

Editor's response

First the process, then the politics. Process: Adding a firewall and scheduling scans was a good plan. We hope you also enabled the programs to auto-check for updates (where offered) and warned Mrs. X what to look for in an update notification, lest she ignore it again. We would have swapped Spybot - Search and Destroy for AVG Anti Virus Free Edition's more comprehensive and robust malware shield, however. The real-time protection, antivirus and antispyware engine, and URL link scanning are far more reliable than the classic Spybot, which was buggy in some of our tests. In Spybot's defense, it does possess an ambitious and useful feature set and is recommended as a suitable backup application for spyware removal.

Now the manners: Since good, free computer help is so hard to find, it's a shame that Aaron's family friend charred her bridges. That's a relationship a novice should nurture with everything they've got. I wonder if more planning on her part and a greater show of appreciation might have helped forefend her blacklisting.

In an ideal world where everyone lives by a shared code of computing engagement, Mrs. X would have already assembled her installation and program disks, power cords, and a peace offering (mound of home-made cookies, a favorite libation) into a tidy package for the father-son duo as acknowledgment of her volunteer laborers' valued time.

A more likely scenario is that Mrs. X was unaware of the tacit requirements and solely relied on her helpers for guidance. Aaron and his father could have saved themselves some time by counseling Mrs. X to back up what she could and bring the critical disks along with her PC before dropping off her computer.

While a gift certificate to a restaurant or electronics store is always in order as a thank-you--your friends did just save you hundreds of dollars, after all--it might have also helped weakened some of the pair's prohibition against future help. Perhaps Mrs. X did lavish her repairmen with gifts--Aaron didn't say--and Aaron and his dad are unfairly making her a scapegoat. At the first hint of what the two were up against, they could have--and turns out, should have--pulled the plug on their repair efforts and reinstalled the hard drive, saving themselves untold aggravations until they eventually lit upon that course.

Either way, the world needs more volunteer repairmen like Aaron and his dad, and fewer infections as time-consuming as Mrs. X's.
source : download.com

Hacker technology is getting cheaper, easier

Full English Post
LAS VEGAS - Want to break into the computer network in an ultra-secure building? Ship a hacked iPhone there to a nonexistent employee and hope the device sits in the mailroom, scanning for nearby wireless connections.

How about stealing someone's computer passwords? Forget trying to fool the person into downloading a malicious program that logs keystrokes. A tiny microphone hidden near the keyboard could do the same thing, since each keystroke emits slightly different sounds that can be used to reconstruct the words the target is typing.

Hackers at the DefCon conference here were demonstrating these and other novel techniques for infiltrating facilities Friday.

Their talks served as a reminder of the danger of physical attacks as a way to breach hard-to-crack computer networks. It's an area once defined by Dumpster diving and crude social-engineering ruses, like phony phone calls, that are probably easier to detect or avoid.

As technology gets cheaper and more powerful, from cell phones that act as personal computers to minuscule digital bugging devices, it's enabling a new wave of clever attacks that, if pulled off properly, can be as effective and less risky for thieves than traditional computer-intrusion tactics.

Consider Apple Inc.'s iPhone, a gadget whose processing horsepower and cellular and wireless Internet connections make it an ideal double agent.

Robert Graham and David Maynor, co-founders of Atlanta-based Errata Security, showed off an experiment in which they modified an iPhone and sent it to a client company that wanted to test the security of its internal wireless network.

Graham and Maynor programmed the phone to check in with their computers over the cellular network. Once inside the target company and connected, a program they had written scanned the wireless network for security holes.

They didn't find any, but the exercise demonstrated an inexpensive way to perform penetration testing and the danger of unexpected devices being used in attacks. If they had found an unsecured router in their canvassing, they likely would have been able to waltz inside the corporate network to steal data.

To keep the phone running, the researchers latched on an extended-life battery that lasts days on end. But they only really need a few minutes inside a building to test the network's security.

"It's like saying, once you get into Willy Wonka's Chocolate Factory, and you're in the garden where everything's edible, you have it all," Graham said in an interview.

The attack won't work, of course, if a company's wireless network is properly secured. In that case, Graham and Maynor said there's likely no big loss: the package that had been sitting in the mailroom would probably be mailed back to them so they could try it again elsewhere.

Another talk focused on new twists to Cold War-era espionage tactics that could allow criminals to sidestep the locks on computer networks.

Eric Schmiedl, a lock-picking expert and undergraduate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, outlined several surveillance methods long used by government intelligence agents that have become more accessible to garden-variety criminals because of the falling price of the technologies.

For example, Schmiedl said even low-budget criminals now have a way to eavesdrop on conversations through a window. It involves bouncing a beam from a laser pointer off the glass and through a light sensor and audio amplifier.
source :msnbc.com

Supercomputer to explore mass of the universe

TORONTO - The University of Toronto and IBM Corp. are building Canada's most powerful supercomputer, a mammoth machine that will need its own building for storage and will be capable of performing 360 trillion calculations per second.

It's expected the system will be among the top 20 fastest supercomputers in the world and the largest outside the United States. It will be able to store data equivalent to that held by one million regular DVDs.

The entire budget of the project, which includes construction and operating costs, is just under C$50 million ($47 million) over five years.

Its power is roughly equivalent to "30,000 to 40,000 home computers linked together," said Chris Pratt, strategic initiatives executive at IBM Canada.

"The kind of interconnect between parts of the system will allow the equivalent of two full-length feature DVD movies to be moved around in the space of a second," he said.

It will be a big boost to scientists at the University of Toronto and its associated research hospitals, as it will help tackle projects in an array of areas from aerospace and astrophysics to climate change prediction and medical imaging.

Among the research, the system will be used to explore the modern scientific mystery of why matter has mass and what constitutes the mass of the universe.

Funding is being provided by the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, in partnership with the province of Ontario and the university.

Building the supercomputer will involve the largest implementation of IBM's iDataPlex system, which holds twice as many processors per unit as standard systems and is entirely water-cooled. More than 4,000 servers will be linked together.

"Every aspect of the system has been put together to be the most powerful and yet the most energy-efficient," Pratt said.

A data center will be built just north of Toronto. Installation will begin in the autumn and it's expected the supercomputer will be fully operational by next summer.
source : msnbc.com

Windows Gets Boosted by Intel Turbo Memory

Full English Post
Intel has tried to make the last version of its Turbo Memory do some things that Windows Vista doesn't seem capable of: it can transparently optimize Windows for the use of flash memory storage. At the Flash Memory Summit in Santa Clara, California, the chip giant will be demonstrating the newest version of Turbo Memory accelerating application performance in Windows when based on flash memory.

There is a "dashboard" that Intel offers for Windows, which allows users to have control over the
applications and files that are loaded into the Intel Turbo Memory cache, which is said to result in performance boosts. The company named this "User pinning".

Pinning profiles can be created and customized by users in order to pin applications and files that fit the needs of a certain activity, says Intel. According to the company, the applications that will benefit most from this include data intensive programs, gaming, digital media editing and productivity software.

Through the latest version of Turbo Memory, Intel tries to deal with a problem that Windows has for a long time now, namely its inability to use the flash storage devices to their full performance. "There are issues related to taking full advantage of the speed of a (flash drive)," said Troy Winslow, marketing manager for the NAND Products Group at Intel, in an interview at the Flash Memory Summit.

According to Avi Cohen, managing partner at Avian Securities, the operating system should have it as an integral part. "The more interesting way is to have it built into the operating system," said Cohen. "I don't think it gains much traction because I don't think users want to sit there and start selecting what goes where," he added. "It was a valiant effort by Intel to accelerate the move toward solid state on PC."

Winslow thinks that, since Intel "has shipped million of units" of Turbo Memory, there is a high probability that some notebook makers would integrate it into high-end lines.

We should notice that Windows Vista does include a feature named "ReadyBoost", which is stated in the Microsoft documentation to be able to "use storage space on some removable media devices, such as USB flash drives, to speed up your computer". The "Windows Help and Support" includes this documentation as part of all the copies of Vista.

According to the Microsoft documentation, "When you insert a compatible device, the AutoPlay dialog box will offer you the option to speed up your system using Windows ReadyBoost".

Other news in the field reveals that Intel announced a new Z-P230 Parallel ATA (PATA) SSD drive featuring 4GB and 8GB capacities. A 16GB version of the drive is expected to come in September. The 4GB version will cost $25 for 1,000 unit quantities, while the 8GB one will cost $45 for 1,000 unit quantities.
source : softpedia.com

What to Do If Office 2007 Holds Your Documents Captive

Full English Post
File Block Functionality is a little known security feature implemented into version 2003 and 2007 of the Microsoft Office System. The Redmond Company wanted to fix the notoriety aspect on May 21, concomitantly with announcing the availability of the Microsoft Office Isolated Conversion Environment. File Block Functionality was designed to deliver an extra barrier of protection to Office 2003 and Office 2007 users when handling potentially malicious documents.

Unlike MOICE's additional mitigation technologies associated with the file format converters between the 2007 and 2003 editions of the Office productivity suite, File Block is a mechanism offering control over the usage of Office file types. Specific
documents can be blocked from being executed.

"The File Block Functionality for Microsoft Office 2003 and the 2007 Microsoft Office system allows administrators to restrict via registry and Group Policy specific Office file types that can or cannot be opened when using Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, and Excel. Blocking specific Office file types allows administrators to temporarily deny users the ability to open certain files, such as when a threat of attack from a given Office file type exists," Microsoft revealed.

Microsoft has made available a total of three Knowledge Base articles dealing with the File Block Functionality. 922849, 922848 and 922847 will reveal the actions that users need to take in order to resolve error messages that have been generated due to File Block. Office 2003 and 2007 users which no longer have the ability to open Word, Excel and PowerPoint documents will be able to find out how to recuperate their files.

The impossibility to execute Word, Excel and PowerPoint documents in the context of error messages pointing to issues related to the registry policy setting, is connected to File Block. Just access the Microsoft KB articles in order to understand how to modify the Windows registry in order to fix the problem.
source : softpedia.com

Speed Up your Windows Computer!(simple tips)

Full English Post
1. Go through your Add/Remove program list and remove any application
that you don't use.

Start > Settings* > Control Panel > Add/Remove Programs

*if using classic mode

2. Stop unnecessary programs from starting when Windows starts.

Go to Start > Run and type "msconfig" and click "OK". You will get
the "system configuration utility".


Use this page for instructions on how to narrow down which ones to stop.
http://netsquirrel.com/msconfig/

3. Make sure that you are running a good antivirus / anti-spyware program.

There are plenty of free programs out there for spyware, but I suggest
purchasing a program that does both from one of the major companies:

http://www.symantec.com/index.htm
http://www.mcafee.com/us/

Obviously there are many others as well. The important thing is to
get one and keep it up to date. Run a full scan of your system right
away.

4. After all of this you should be running much faster than before.
Lastly defragment the hard drive.

http://helpdesk.its.uiowa.edu/windows/instructions/defrag.htm

If you have trouble defragmenting start here:
http://forums.pcworld.co.nz/archive/index.php/t-27143.html

These steps will free up hard drive space, memory usage, and processor
usage. If you have any questions about any of these steps please let
me know.
source : google answer

How to Speed Up a Windows XP Computer

Full English Post
# Remove Spyware and Viruses

* Spyware and viruses are a leading cause of computer slowing. See this article to learn how to remove them.
* Update and run your spyware and virus software at least weekly.
* If you do not have tools installed to protect against malware, spyware, and viruses, download a free copy of AVG Anti-Virus 8.0 (free for personal use). Also, Microsoft's Windows Defender is a widely-used anti-spyware tool that is currently distributed freely for users with a "Genuine" copy of Windows. Windows Defender is also included with other Microsoft services and products such as Live OneCare and Vista.
* Download and install Mozilla Firefox from http://www.mozilla.com. It will allow you to import all of your Internet Explorer settings, and is much less prone to malware than Microsoft Internet Explorer. It will prompt you with a "Set as Default Browser" message. Check "Don't show this again" and click "Yes".
* If you have a particularly difficult infection, try using the Quick Virus Remover. It is a free utility that is not a replacement for commercial products, but can be helpful for removing some of the most common viruses.

# Defragment Your Computer - This will place similar files physically closer on the hard disk to improve load speeds.

* Click start, again, then click run.
* Type, "dfrg.msc" in the text field.
* Click Defrag to start it.
# Remove unwanted software.

* Click start, then click control panel.
* Click add/remove programs.
* Highlight any old software you do not use and then click "remove".

# Stop unwanted Start-Up programs.

* Run msconfig
* Choose startup box
* Select uncheck programs you don't want to run on startup
*

OR

* Click Hereand download StartUpCPL.
* Install the software you have just downloaded.
* Open control panel, select Start up.
* Disable any programs you do not want load automatically
* Disable Services you do not use or need. Open control panel, open Administrative Tools, and select Services. Disabling the wrong Services may lead to serious problems that you may not notice right away. Please consult a reference such as overclockersclub.comfor information on specific Windows XP Services.
# Make Windows load faster

* Click Start, then Run.
* Type in 'msconfig' and press enter.
* Click on the BOOT.INI tab at the top.
* Over to the right there will be a box labeled Timeout with 30 in it. Change the 30 to a 3.

# Speed Up Processing Time

* Turning off the fancy Windows XP graphics will noticeably increase the speed of your computer.
* Go to Start, (Settings), Control Panel, System. NOTE: You may need to 'Switch to Classic Mode' to see the System applet.
* Go to the Advanced tab. Click the Settings button under Performance.
* Select the 'Adjust for best performance' radio button, then Apply, and OK.
* The graphics aren't as flashy, but your computer will run a lot faster.
source : http://www.wikihow.com

Windows Vista Feature

Full English Post
* Windows Aero: The new hardware-based graphical user interface is named Windows Aero, which Jim Allchin has said is an acronym for Authentic, Energetic, Reflective, and Open. The new interface is intended to be cleaner and more aesthetically pleasing than those of previous Windows, including new transparencies, live thumbnails, live icons, and animations, thus providing a new level of eye candy. Laptop users report, however, that battery life is shortened with the feature enabled.
* Windows Shell: The new Windows shell is significantly different from Windows XP, offering a new range of organization, navigation, and search capabilities. Windows Explorer's task pane has been removed, integrating the relevant task options into the toolbar. A "Favorite links" pane has been added, enabling one-click access to common directories. The address bar has been replaced with a breadcrumb navigation system. The preview pane allows users to see thumbnails of various files and view the contents of documents. The details pane shows information such as file size and type, and allows viewing and editing of embedded tags in supported file formats. The Start menu has changed as well; it no longer uses ever-expanding boxes when navigating through Programs. The word "Start" itself has been removed in favor of a blue Windows Orb (also called "Pearl").
* Instant Search (also known as search as you type) : Windows Vista features a new way of searching called Instant Search, which is significantly faster and more in-depth (content-based) than the search features found in any of the previous versions of Windows.

* Windows Sidebar: A transparent panel anchored to the side of the screen where a user can place Desktop Gadgets, which are small applets designed for a specialized purpose (such as displaying the weather or sports scores). Gadgets can also be placed on other parts of the desktop.
* Windows Internet Explorer 7: New user interface, tabbed browsing, RSS, a search box, improved printing, Page Zoom, Quick Tabs (thumbnails of all open tabs), Anti-Phishing filter, a number of new security protection features, Internationalized Domain Name support (IDN), and improved web standards support. IE7 in Windows Vista runs in isolation from other applications in the operating system (protected mode); exploits and malicious software are restricted from writing to any location beyond Temporary Internet Files without explicit user consent.

Windows Media Player 11

* Windows Media Player 11, a major revamp of Microsoft's program for playing and organizing music and video. New features in this version include word wheeling (or "search as you type"), a new GUI for the media library, photo display and organization, the ability to share music libraries over a network with other Windows Vista machines, Xbox 360 integration, and support for other Media Center Extenders.
* Backup and Restore Center: Includes a backup and restore application that gives users the ability to schedule periodic backups of files on their computer, as well as recovery from previous backups. Backups are incremental, storing only the changes each time, minimizing disk usage. It also features Complete PC Backup (available only in Ultimate, Business, and Enterprise versions) which backs up an entire computer as an image onto a hard disk or DVD. Complete PC Backup can automatically recreate a machine setup onto new hardware or hard disk in case of any hardware failures. Complete PC Restore can be initiated from within Windows Vista or from the Windows Vista installation CD in the event the PC is so corrupt that it cannot start up normally from the hard disk.
* Windows Mail: A replacement for Outlook Express that includes a new mail store that improves stability,and features integrated Instant Search. It has the Phishing Filter like IE7 and Junk mail filtering that is enhanced through regular updates via Windows Update.
* Windows Calendar is a new calendar and task application.
* Windows Photo Gallery, a photo and movie library management application. It can import from digital cameras, tag and rate individual items, adjust colors and exposure, create and display slideshows (with pan and fade effects) and burn slideshows to DVD.
* Windows DVD Maker, a companion program to Windows Movie Maker that provides the ability to create video DVDs based on a user's content. Users can design a DVD with title, menu, video, soundtrack, pan and zoom motion effects on pictures or slides.
* Windows Media Center, which was previously exclusively bundled as a separate version of Windows XP, known as Windows XP Media Center Edition, has been incorporated into the Home Premium and Ultimate editions of Windows Vista.
* Games and Games Explorer: Games included with Windows have been modified to showcase Vista's graphics capabilities. New games are Chess Titans, Mahjong Titans and Purble Place. A new Games Explorer special folder holds shortcuts and information to all games on the user's computer.

Windows Mobility Center.
Windows Mobility Center.

* Windows Mobility Center is a control panel that centralizes the most relevant information related to mobile computing (brightness, sound, battery level / power scheme selection, wireless network, screen orientation, presentation settings, etc.).
* Windows Meeting Space replaces NetMeeting. Users can share applications (or their entire desktop) with other users on the local network, or over the Internet using peer-to-peer technology (higher versions than Starter and Home Basic can take advantage of hosting capabilities, Starter and Home Basic editions are limited to "join" mode only)
* Shadow Copy automatically creates daily backup copies of files and folders. Users can also create "shadow copies" by setting a System Protection Point using the System Protection tab in the System control panel. The user can be presented multiple versions of a file throughout a limited history and be allowed to restore, delete, or copy those versions. This feature is available only in the Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions of Windows Vista and is inherited from Windows Server 2003.

Windows Update with Windows Ultimate Extras
Windows Update with Windows Ultimate Extras

* Windows Update: Software and security updates have been simplified,[20] now operating solely via a control panel instead of as a web application. Windows Mail's spam filter and Windows Defender's definitions are updated automatically via Windows Update. Users who choose the recommended setting for Automatic Updates will have the latest drivers installed and available when they add a new device.
* Parental controls: Allows administrators to control which websites, programs and games each standard user can use and install. This feature is not included in the Business or Enterprise editions of Vista.
* Windows SideShow: Enables the auxiliary displays on newer laptops or on supported Windows Mobile devices. It is meant to be used to display device gadgets while the computer is on or off.
* Speech recognition is integrated into Vista.2 It features a redesigned user interface and configurable command-and-control commands. Unlike the Office 2003 version, which works only in Office and WordPad, Speech Recognition in Windows Vista works for any accessible application. In addition, it currently supports several languages: British and American English, Spanish, French, German, Chinese (Traditional and Simplified) and Japanese.
* New fonts, including several designed for screen reading, and improved Chinese (Yahei, JhengHei), Japanese (Meiryo) and Korean (Malgun) fonts. ClearType has also been enhanced and enabled by default.
* Problem Reports and Solutions, a control panel which allows users to view previously sent problems and any solutions or additional information that is available.
* Improved audio controls allow the system-wide volume or volume of individual audio devices and even individual applications to be controlled separately. New audio functionalities such as Room Correction, Bass Management, Speaker Fill and Headphone virtualization have also been incorporated.
* Windows System Assessment Tool is a tool used to benchmark system performance. Software such as games can retrieve this rating and modify its own behavior at runtime to improve performance. The benchmark tests CPU, RAM, 2-D and 3-D graphics acceleration, graphics memory and hard disk space.
* Windows Ultimate Extras: The Ultimate edition of Windows Vista provides, via Windows Update, access to some additional features. These are a collection of additional MUI language packs, Texas Hold 'Em (a Poker game), BitLocker and EFS enhancements which allow users to backup their encryption key online in a Digital Locker, and Windows Dreamscene, which enables the use of videos in MPEG and WMV formats as the desktop background. On April 21st 2008, Microsoft launched two more Ultimate Extras; a new Windows sound scheme, and a content pack for Dreamscene.
* Reliability and Performance Monitor includes various tools for tuning and monitoring system performance and resources activities of CPU, disks, network, memory and other resources. It shows the operations on files, the opened connections, etc.
* Disk Management: The Logical Disk Manager in Windows Vista supports shrinking and expanding volumes on-the-fly


Top 10 Windows Vista Tricks and Tips

Full English Post
1)Explore the new Windows Vista start menu.

Looking for specific applications, Web sites, and e-mails is faster than ever with the streamlined Windows Vista start menu. To find a specific application or file, click the Windows key on the keyboard (or open the start menu) and enter the file name in the Instant Search field. As you type, Windows Vista dynamically searches filenames, metadata, and the full text of all files and displays the choices by file type. For example, type “out” to find Microsoft® Outlook®.

2) Discover the new search explorer.

Try filtering by type using the search pane and selecting Documents. Next choose to see your files in another way, via the new stack view. Select the author column header control drop down menu, and choose the option to Stack by author. Explore all the documents by a particular author by double clicking on an author’s stack. Now, save that search as a new search folder. Choose the option Save Search found on the top command bar and name and save your search folder. In the future, to re-run it, simply select the Searches folder link on the left side navigation pane, and double click on your search folder.

3)Experience the enhanced user interface.

If your PC supports the Windows® Aero™ user experience, open multiple files and see how easy it is to locate the right open window using the breakthrough Windows Flip (simply ALT+TAB) or Flip 3D (Windows key+TAB).

4)Browse multiple Web sites. Tabbed browsing in Internet Explorer® 7 enables a single Internet Explorer window to run with the convenience of multiple pages. Open a new page by clicking the empty tab on the toolbar or by right-clicking any hyperlink and choosing New Tab. Tabs can also be right-clicked to refresh individual pages or refresh pages as a group. You can close either individual tabs or an entire group, and you can save tabs as one favorite group. With the Quick Tabs feature, the icon just to the right of the Favorites icon, thumbnail images of all open tabs can be seen in a single view helping you manage multiple open tabs.

5)Print picture perfect Web content. Most Web sites are simply not formatted to fit cleanly on a standard piece of paper. With the new shrink to fit printing feature found in Internet Explorer 7 Web sites will no longer get cut off when sent to the printer.

6)Collaborate with a co-worker. Want an easy way to share files and applications with a colleague or customer—even when you may not be part of the same network? Windows Meeting Space is a new experience in Windows Vista that enables you to start an impromptu collaboration session with other Windows Vista users. Simply open Windows Meeting Space and start a session. Windows Vista will automatically detect other Windows Vista users that are on the same sub-net infrastructure or close enough for you to create an ad hoc (direct PC-to-PC connection) wireless connection. Once you have invited them and they have accepted, you can share documents by simply dragging a document to the Handouts area on the bottom right which instantly replicates that file across the other meeting participants’ machines. Dragging the file to the presentation area on the left side starts application sharing, enabling the other participants to watch as you present that file. If someone has a good edit for your file, you can make that edit in real time, or pass control of the application directly to that participant for them to make that edit for you.

7)Share a folder or file directly from your PC.

Windows Vista improves on the Windows network folder sharing experience first introduced with Windows XP by giving you more flexibility in what you can share with other people and improving the setup process. With Windows Vista you can now share folders and individual files with any other user on the same corporate network. From any explorer, select a file or folder and on the command bar choose the option to Share. Enter the name of another user on the same network, and give them appropriate rights of access—reader, co-owner, etc. To help close the loop, Windows Vista can even automatically compose an e-mail to the individuals with which you have shared the content. The auto-generated e-mail contains a hyperlink to the shared content, enabling the recipient to instantly be taken to the shared content.

8)Create an XPS Document.

XPS documents are a new archiving format perfect for preserving content and for securely sharing information in an application independent way. To create an XPS document, open any document in virtually any application, and select the print option. In the printer selection menu, choose Microsoft XPS Document Writer, and save the file. Double click on the file, which should open it in the XPS Viewer, which is hosted by Internet Explorer 7. The XPS document is a pixel-perfect rendition of the original source material.

9)Speed up your PC’s performance.

Windows Vista introduces a new concept for adding additional performance to a running system. Windows ReadyBoost™ lets people use flash memory on a USB 2.0 drive, SD Card, Compact Flash, or other memory form factor to provide additional memory cache—memory that the computer can access much more quickly than it can access data on the hard drive. Insert a USB 2.0 memory drive with at least 512 MB capacity. When prompted, click use this device to speed up my computer.

10)Recover a previous version of a document.

Windows Vista introduces a new feature: Previous Versions. This allows you to “roll back” the clock to an earlier version of a file that you may have accidentally saved over or edited. In the Documents Explorer, open a document, edit it, save it, and then close it. While selecting the document, choose the Previous Versions option on the command bar, which will bring up a list of previously saved versions of the individual file. Choose a previous version and Windows Vista will restore your file to that version. Careful: all edits since that version will be lost.
source : http://mhs.blog.ui.edu

How to Speed Up Windows Vista Performance

(At this post Full English)
Whether you upgrade an older PC to Windows Vista or have bought a new PC with Vista installed, you might think the operating system doesn’t run as quickly as it should. You’ll learn more than a dozen things you can do to speed up your Windows Vista computer, from simple changes you may not have thought of to ways to streamline the inner workings of your computer. Don’t worry–we’ll walk you through it step by step.

Step 1: Software

Alert:

We only offer recommendations for speeding up the performance of your Windows Vista PC. Before you do any troubleshooting or changing to your PC settings, we recommend that you do a full backup of all your files.

While Windows Vista makes many improvements to security and other features, it also includes its fair share of programs that use a PC’s resources you may not want to run. In this step, we’ll show you what programs in Vista you can turn off to free up system resources.
Trialware

Let’s start with your hard drive to remove some unnecessary files. The more programs on your hard drive, the longer it takes a PC to find anything. Vista comes with many software packages preinstalled; you can decide which you want to run or disable.

* Click your Start button on the bottom left hand of your screen, then choose Control Panel.
* Double click “Programs and Features” (which used to be called “Add or Remove Programs” in Windows XP).

You’ll see a list of all the programs that came preinstalled with your new PC. Some of these software packages are “trialware”, in which you may have 30 days to try the software. Often, this software is bundled with Vista from your PC manufacturer or Microsoft. It’s up to you whether you want to try the software or delete it from your PC.

Note:

Trialware is often referred to as crapware or junkware. Critics complain that crapware is unwanted, useless, and sometimes hard to remove by design–all the while taking up valuable disk space. Most crapware is operational for a trial period in hopes of persuading the user into buying the full version.

When you’re done, it’s time to disable some unnecessary software that comes with Windows itself.

From the Programs and Features window.

* Click “Turn Windows features on or off” on the left side panel.
* User Account Control will ask you to confirm; do so.
* You’ll get a list of Windows built-in software, much of which you’ll never use. Uncheck whatever you don’t need.



If you’re not sure whether you need something or not, hover your mouse over it to get a description. Some likely candidates for removal are Games, Indexing Service, Print Services, Tablet PC Optional Components (unless you have a tablet PC), Telnet Client and Telnet Server, and Windows Fax and Scan. If you still aren’t sure, leave it alone.
Disk cleanup

Next, if you’ve been using your PC for a while, let Windows Vista free up file space on your hard drive.

* Click your Start orb, then Computer.
* Right-click on your hard drive.
* On the General tab, choose Properties.
* Click “Disk Cleanup”.
* In a few moments, you’ll get a list of what Windows doesn’t need anymore. Make sure all the boxes are checked, then click OK. you’ll be asked to confirm your choices; click Delete Files.

Step 2: Aero tweaks
User interface

It takes a lot of computer horsepower to create graphics-rich interfaces, whether it’s the rich detail of a video game, or simply the smooth opening and closing of windows.

In some cases–video games for example–you need as much detail as possible. That’s part of the fun. In day-to-day use, though, rich graphics simply slow down your computer.

Most modern computers have a second processor dedicated solely to graphics. Manufacturers of high-end video cards, for example, will tout their speed and amount of RAM on their products the same way computer makers do.

Having that kind of graphics horsepower is especially important with Windows Vista, which is specifically designed to take advantage of it.

There are two components to Windows Vista’s graphics that you can make changes to. First is the big one: The visual styles, which set the overall look of your system. There are four choices: Windows Aero, Windows Vista Basic, Windows Standard, Windows Classic.

* Right-click anywhere on the desktop and choose Personalize.
* Click Window Color and Appearance.

If your computer supports Aero and it’s turned on, you’ll see a row of boxes showing the different colors you can choose for your windows.

If your computer doesn’t support Aero (or it’s not on), you’ll see a box labeled “Appearance Settings” showing some sample windows and listing color schemes.

Running Aero is actually a good thing in terms of system resources. In older versions of windows, the more graphics displayed, the slower the computer. So you might think that Windows Classic, which has the fewest bells and whistles, will give you the fastest performance. But that’s not exactly true for Vista.

Both the Windows Aero and Windows Vista Basic (a.k.a. Aero Lite) use your computer’s graphics card, not the computer’s processor, to do most of the heavy lifting when it comes to the display. Using one of those–as opposed to Standard or Classic–actually lets your computer do less work.

You can switch to Windows Vista Basic for most of Aero’s graphics; that also saves resources. Here’s how:

* From that Window Color and Appearance box, click “Open classic appearance properties for more color options”.
* Choose Windows Vista Basic (you can click “Advanced” if you want to tweak the settings).

If you want to keep all of Aero’s bells and whistles, you can still get a performance boost if you’re willing to give up transparency. Here’s how:

* Right-click anywhere on the desktop and choose Personalize.
* Click Window Color and Appearance.
* Uncheck “Enable transparency”.

To review if your computer and your version of Vista support Aero, the following settings will speed up Vista:

Fastest: Use Windows Vista Basic. Faster: Use Windows Aero with transparency turned off. Fast: Use Windows Aero. Slow: Use Windows Standard or Windows Classic.
Tune ups without Aero

What if your computer doesn’t support Aero? Whether or not you use Aero, there are still a few things you can do to get some more speed. You can disable some of the graphics effects that can look nice, but really don’t add much. Here’s how:

* Open Control Panel.
* Choose “Performance and System Tools”.
* Click “Adjust visual effects”.
* You can now either choose “Adjust for best performance”, or you can choose Custom and pick the effects you want to keep.

Suggestion: Keep “Smooth edges of screen fonts” and “Use visual styles on windows and buttons” or the result might look awful. Everything else is up to you.

Finally, while Vista’s Sidebar can be a cool thing–let’s face it, that clock is kind of nice–it’s also a resource hog. It slows your computer. Disable it.

* Right-click on the Sidebar (or, if it’s not visible, choose “Windows Sidebar Properties” from the Control Panel).
* Uncheck “Start Sidebar when Windows starts”.
* Click OK.
* If the Sidebar is currently open, right-click on it and choose Close Sidebar.

Step 3: System registry, part 1
Back up Registry

Before you do anything in this section, we strongly recommend you do two things: 1) back up your data, and 2) create a Protection Point.

To create a Protection Point:

* From your Control Panel choose System.
* On the left side, click “System protection”.
* Make sure your hard drive is checked, then click the Create button on the bottom right. This will save all your current registry settings, so if you make a mistake you can undo your changes.
* It may take a minute or two. When it’s done, click OK to close the System Properties box.

Note:

Always back up your registry before making changes.
Registry clean-up

Now it’s time to tackle the registry.

The registry is essentially a huge database of thousands of settings for Windows itself and most of your software. When you install or even use a program, it makes changes to the registry, but when you uninstall something it often leaves junk behind, filling the registry with garbage. Luckily, there are a bunch of good registry cleaners out there that will seek and let you destroy useless stuff.

We recommend the following Vista-compatible system utilities, available at Download.com

* Glary Utilities
* RogueRemover
* ToniArts EasyCleaner

A good one to try is ToniArts EasyCleaner. It’s both free and easy to use.

Here’s what you do:

* Download and install a registry cleaner for Vista. When that’s done, start the program to get a grid of 16 things to choose from.
* Click the registry button.
* Click the Find button on the bottom. EasyCleaner will search your registry for the leftovers of old programs and other detritus. This could take several minutes.
* When it’s done, the Delete All button will become clickable. Click it.
* Click Yes to say you really want to delete the bad entries.
* That’s it! Click Close and let’s move on.


Search indexing

You might notice that your computer’s hard drive is busy a lot, even when you’re not doing anything. That could be because Vista is busy indexing all the contents of your drive in case you need to search for something.

The good thing about Vista’s indexing system is it lets you find things on your computer very quickly when you need to. The downside is if you don’t search a lot, your computer’s time and resources are wasted doing that.

If you search your drive only occasionally, here’s a good way to speed things up:

From your Control Panel choose “Indexing Options”.

* Hit the Modify button. A dialog box with two boxes inside it will appear.
* In the bottom of those two boxes will be a list of locations on your hard drive that Vista is indexing. One at a time, click each one of those “Included Locations” except Start Menu.
* As you click each one, it will appear in the top box with a check mark next to it. Uncheck it. You should end up with only Start Menu listed as an indexed location.
* Click OK, then close the Indexing Options box.

Feel like diving into the Registry for a quick change that might make a noticeable difference? Try this to speed up how quickly some program menus appear when you click on them:

* Click your Start orb, then click Run.
* Enter regedit to start the Registry Editor.

You’re now going to make your way through several levels of the registry.

* Click anywhere in the left-hand pane, then click Ctrl-Home to make sure you’re at the very top.
* There will be five sections under “Computer”, all beginning with “HKEY_”.
* Click on the little arrow next to HKEY_CURRENT_USER.
* Click on the little arrow next to Control Panel.
* Click the word “Desktop”.
* On the right side, double-click “MenuShowDelay”.
* In the box that appears, enter 0 (that’s a zero) in the box labeled “Value data”.
* Click OK, then close the Registry Editor.

Step 4: System registry, part 2

You may be working in a program and wondering why it runs so slowly–especially if you don’t have any other programs open. The problem is that when Windows boots up, a lot of programs are automatically loaded to run “in the background” where you can’t see. Of course, some of these are quite valuable (virus protection, for instance), but many are useless and simply eating up your system resources for no reason.

Here’s how to get rid of these unnecessary startup programs:

The first and easiest way to seek and destroy unnecessary startup programs is to look in your Startup folder.

* Click the Start button, then choose All Programs (if you’re using the classic Start menu, you’ll click “Programs” instead).
* Click the Startup folder.
* The list of programs that automatically start will appear. Check this list, and if you see something you don’t want or need to start automatically–such as some Microsoft Office task–right-click it and choose Delete.
* Repeat as necessary.

Now let’s go a little deeper and remove some programs that start automatically without appearing in your Startup folder. Here’s how:

* Click your Start orb.
* Click “Run”.
* In the box that appears, enter msconfig.
* Click the Startup tab.

You’ll see a list of all the programs that start automatically with Windows. Most of these should start: Your antivirus program, several Windows programs, maybe a driver or two. But some things just waste resources.

Most notorious for loading themselves are media players such as Quicktime and RealPlayer. There’s no need for them to be loaded until you need them. If you see things like that, uncheck them and click the Apply button. When you’re done, click OK.



That done, let’s go even deeper. Besides programs that run automatically when you start up, Windows also launches services–internal software that does important things, such as making your network run, managing users, and a host of other things.

But there are some services you just don’t need; running them is a waste of resources. Here’s how to find and reduce them:

* Click the Start button, then Run.
* Enter services.msc in the box.

The screen that pops up is a bit intimidating at first, but it’s actually pretty straightforward. Services are programs that run in the background, helping your computer work. They do things like make sure you’re connected to the network, allow your mouse to work, and so on.

The Services list shows everyone that’s on your machine and tells you whether it starts automatically or manually, among other things. Some of the services that start automatically are unnecessary, so we’ll stop them. Here’s how:

* Click the Extended tab on the bottom, which will create a space that will give you a description of each service.
* Click on the words “Startup Type” at the top of that column, which will sort the services. The ones that say “Automatic” are, obviously, the ones that start when Windows does. They’re the only ones you care about.

Alert:

Some services are critical for your computer to run. So don’t disable anything that’s not on the list below unless you’re absolutely sure that it’s an expendable item.

You can choose to disable the following non-critical items without encountering problems. Find out what each does before disabling, click on them. Some of these items are specific to Vista, while others are also found in Windows XP.

* COM+ Event System
* Cryptographic Services
* DFS Replication
* Computer Browser
* Distributed Link Tracking Client
* IKE and AuthIP IPsec Keying Modules
* IP Helper
* IPsec Policy Agent
* KtmRm for Distributed Transaction Coordinator
* Offline Files
* Remote Registry
* Secondary Logon
* SSDP Discovery
* Tablet PC Input Service (Unless you have a Tablet PC)
* Terminal Services
* UPnP Device Host
* Windows Error Reporting Service (no more asking you to notify Microsoft when there’s a crash!)

One at a time, find each one on the list and double-click it. A dialog box will appear. In it will be a drop-down menu next to “Startup type” that is probably set to Automatic.

Change it to Manual and click OK. This way the service will start only if it’s needed, not all the time.

Then under Service status, click Stop.

Click OK and go to the next service on the list.
Step 5: Hardware and Vista

Besides making the changes to your system that we’ve explained, there are some things you can buy that can make a big difference.

The first and most basic is more memory. In general, the more RAM your computer has, the faster Vista will perform.

Think of your hard drive as a pantry and your RAM as the dining room table. The bigger the table, the more food you can have out at once. You can have a giant pantry (hard drive), but if you have a tiny table (little RAM) you can’t cook big meals.

Adding memory, which is a lot less expensive than it used to be, is a simple way to improve performance if you have 1GB of RAM or less. (If you have more than 1GB of RAM, adding memory will help, but not as noticeably.) Adding or replacing RAM is relatively simple to do: You simply plug some chips into sockets on your computer’s motherboard.

The challenge, however, is getting the correct memory module for your PC. Just about every computer is different. Some are already equipped with plenty of memory, while others have very little. And there are a lot of different types of memory, so you need to be sure to get the exact right module for your system.
Note:

Though Microsoft has published detailed system requirements for Vista, CNET and most experts recommend a higher set of minimum specs to run Vista properly.

If you don’t want to go through the trouble of finding and installing more memory, you can take advantage of a Vista feature called ReadyBoost. If you have a high-speed USB flash drive, Vista can use it the way it uses internal memory. It’s not as fast, but on low-memory machines it can make a lot of difference.

Here’s what you need:

* A USB flash drive with at least the same amount of memory as the RAM on your computer. So if you have 512MB of RAM, you want at least a 512MB flash drive, preferably even larger.
* The memory card must be high-speed. The ones you can buy in your local big-box store probably won’t cut it. Look for devices from major brands such as Lexar or SanDisk that are designed for ReadyBoost.

A 2GB SanDisk Cruzer Micro, which the company says meets ReadyBoost’s requirements, costs only about

S$50, so we’re not talking about a major investment.When you plug the flash drive into your computer, Vista will ask what you want to do with it. Choose “Speed up my system” and follow the instructions.



Note that ReadyBoost makes very little difference on machines with a lot of memory, but it’s a great way to speed up a lower-end system.

Another hardware investment you might want to make is a more powerful video card. Today, video cards are computers in their own right, and Vista takes advantage of them by letting them handle the display so your computer itself has more power available for running your software.

A graphics card with at least 256MB of RAM based on technology from either ATI or Nvidia can make a big difference, especially if you’re into video games or photo or video editing. You can spend

S$500 or more for a top-of-the-line card, but a midrange model such as the ATI Radeon X1950 Pro or one using Nvidia ’s GeForce 7600 chip set (both about



S$300) can make a tremendous difference.Finally, if you have either a laptop or an uninterruptible power supply for your desktop, Vista offers a way to speed up your hard drive. (The downside is, if there’s a sudden power outage you can lose data, which is why you need a laptop or a battery backup.)



* From your Control Panel, double-click Device Manager.
* Click the plus sign next to “Disk drives”.
* Look for your hard drive on the list. It should be obvious–it won’t be a USB device, for example.
* Double-click it.
* Click the Policies tab.
* Check “Enable write caching on the disk” (if it isn’t already checked) and “Enable advanced performance”.
* Click “OK” and close Device Manager.

Step 6: Maintenance and drivers
Defrag

Just like your car should have occasional tune-ups, your computer needs them as well. If you’ve followed the instructions in these lessons, your computer should be running better and faster. But you’ll still need to tune it up once in a while.

The biggest and simplest thing, akin to changing your car’s oil, is defragmenting–or defragging–your hard drive. It’s a good idea to do this about once a month.

When your computer stores files on your drive, it puts them in whatever empty space is available. The result is that over time individual files are actually split up and stored in several places on the drive. (Imagine a library where the different chapters of a book are on different shelves.)

Defragging puts those pieces together so your computer spends less time accessing the files. The procedure is simple:

* Shut down any running programs.
* Disable your screensaver by right-clicking anywhere on your desktop, choosing Personalize, then clicking Screen Saver. Set it to “None”.
* Click the Start orb and then Computer; right-click on your hard drive.
* Choose Properties, then click the Tools tab.
* Click “Defragment Now”.
* In the box that appears, it’s a good idea to check “Run on a schedule” to have Windows defrag your drive automatically every month.


Drivers

You should also keep your drivers updated. Drivers are pieces of software that let your computer work with your hardware. There are printer drivers, videocard drivers, audio drivers, and so on.

Hardware manufacturers often update this software, but don’t always send those updated out automatically.

Here’s what to do:
# From your Control Panel, double-click Windows Update.
# Click “Change settings” on the left side.
# Make sure “Install updates automatically” is checked, and that it installs them every day.
# Make sure both “Include recommended updates” is checked–that will tell Windows to get recommended updates as well as critical ones.
# Click OK.
# Back on the Windows Update screen, click “Check for updates” and let it do its thing.


Finally, every month or two, clean out your files and use a registry cleaner to keep your registry up to speed.

The measures we’ve covered in this course will help speed your computer, but they’re only the tip of the iceberg. There are hundreds of other changes you can make, and the only limitation is how deep you’re willing to delve into your system.

A number of Web sites are dedicated to helping people squeeze every last drop of speed from their machines. Searching for “speed up Vista” or “Windows Vista speed tweaks” will help you find some.
sumber : http://mhs.blog.ui.edu

It’s a Myth: Windows Does Not Just Work

-----Full English Post-----
One of the most popular myths perpetuated by those who look down on Linux users is that Microsoft Windows just works. In comparison to Uncle Bill’s OS, getting your computer up and running with any kind of Linux distribution requires many long days and sleepless nights to perfect - a lifestyle choice designed solely for geeks.

The Windows just works myth ends the moment you have to perform a clean installation of the operating system on your own computer - using those trusty install CD’s that were shipped with your machine.

I recently performed clean installations of Windows XP and Windows Vista on two of my home computers. Both were running Ubuntu Linux 7.10 and 8.04 prior to undertaking this re-installation process. I went into this job naively believing the “Windows just works” myth myself. I expected a few hours running few several dialog windows, a few reboots for driver installations and then I’d be up and running no problems. I was very wrong.

Windows XP

The first thing I discovered when I booted into Windows for the first time after installation, Windows XP does not recognise anywhere near as much hardware as Ubuntu Linux does. In fact, with both my Dell machines, and on both XP and Vista, I needed a very good idea of the components inside my machine to get all my hardware working properly again. The driver discs shipped with my Dell contain drivers for graphics cards, wireless devices, and brands of components that are definitely nowhere to be seen inside my computer. So I needed to select precise makes and models to get the wireless network running, graphics card up at the correct resolution and on-board ethernet. (installing these drivers wasn’t flawless either, some required multiple reboots before they would install properly)

After installing my internet security suite of choice (Kaspersky 7), I proceeded to connect to the internet and start downloading all those updates I needed. On the Windows XP box, thankfully most of what I needed was immediately provided to me in the Service Pack 3 download. Several reboots later my machine was fully up-to-date with the latest security updates and patches.

But attempting to install MSN Messenger using the ‘brilliant’ new Live Installer was a complete nightmare. After the install failed on the first attempt, it completely wrecked my system’s ability to receive any further Windows Updates at all. Apparently this is a common occurrence for Windows XP users. The only way around this ‘little’ problem was to install a tool kit called “Dial-a-Fix” that cleans up messed up Windows Update problems. (it took me about 45 minutes to find this solution) It did the job, a further reboot later though and I had again encountered the same problem with the Windows Live Installer. A further “Dial-a-Fix” + a reboot later and finally MSN Messenger was installed successfully.

I then attempted to install Windows Media Player 11 on my machine. That too failed at the first attempt, and yes, you guessed it, Windows Update was wrecked in the process. This time Dial-a-Fix just did not want to know. I attempted to completely remove Windows Media Player, that didn’t make a blind bit of difference. After about two hours of Googling help guides, attempting various repair suggestions and registry hacks, I gave up on this Windows XP install and decided to start all over again. What fun!

Once my second Windows XP re-installation was complete, I once more encountered the exact same problems trying to install MSN Messenger on the machine. But this time, wisely, I chose to install Windows Media Player updates first ahead of Messenger. After one Dial-a-Fix and reboot I was able to get Messenger installed, alongside the Media Player, and I was finally reasonably happy and content with my XP installation. Job done.

Windows Vista

Windows Update is far from perfect on Microsoft’s latest operating system Vista. After performing a clean install, getting all the drivers installed, security product installed and updated, I proceeded to install all the updates.

On about the third reboot, the machine began to rebooted repeatedly and occasionally blue screened on me. I tried going back to the “Last Known Good Configuration”, running repairs from the Vista Install CD, and following various howtos from Microsoft support guides and help forums. But the Blue Screens of Death would not leave me alone, and eventually I just gave up and decided to start from scratch again.

The second installation attempt was successful. I managed to get all the security updates and the service pack installed. MSN Messenger did fail on me once even on Vista, further demonstrating to me that the Windows Live Installer should only be issued with a computer health warning. (hey - at least it didn’t wreck my ability to receive Windows Updates this time) And let me assure you, I’m far from the only one to reach the conclusion this Installer is a pile of junk. Even Microsoft MVP’s have been recommending customers install Messenger from an external source - without the Live Installer.

Conclusion

I’m now happily enough running both Windows XP and Windows Vista on my two primary machines. But I’ve learned a very valuable lesson after these recent struggles and experiences. Windows is no more perfect than Ubuntu Linux is when it comes to a pain-free computing experience.

BothMicrosoft Windows and Ubuntu Linux “just work” when shipped to you in a pre-installed state on a computer. But once you have to dabble in performing OS installations yourself, you’ll have to overcome technical obstacles of an almost equal testing nature.